Solomon George FitzHerbert


Associate Member of Faculty

Faculty / College Address

Faculty of Asian and Middle Eastern Studies



Research Interests

Tibetan History; Tibetan Literature; The Epic of Gesar; Mahāyāna Buddhism and Bon. 


Current Projects

Research Editor at 84000: Translating the Words of the Buddha


Courses taught

No courses currently taught


Recent publications

FitzHerbert S. G. and Travers, A. (eds.) 2022. Asian Influences on Tibetan Military History between the 17th and 20th Centuries. Kathmandu: Vajra Books.


Full publications 

  • 2021 “Gesar’s Familiars: Revisiting Shamanism as a Hermeneutic for Understanding the Structure and History of the Tibetan Gesar Epic” in Kapstein and Ramble (eds.) The Many Faces of Ling Gesar. Leiden: Brill.
  • 2020. “The Geluk Gesar: Guan Di, the Chinese God of War, in Tibetan Buddhism from the 18th to 20th Centuries” in FitzHerbert, S.G. and A. Travers (eds.) Asian Influences on Tibetan Military History between the 17th and 20th Centuries, special edition of Revue d’Etudes Tibétaines (53): 178-266.
  • 2019. “Ge sar of Gling” in Silk, J.A. et al. (eds.) Brill’s Encyclopedia of Buddhism, Volume II: Lives. Leiden: Brill. 1159-1164.
  • 2018 “Rituals as War Propaganda in the Establishment of the Ganden Phodrang State” in Travers, Alice and Federica Venturi (eds.), Buddhism and the Military in Tibet during the Ganden Phodrang period (1642-1959), special issue of the Cahiers d’Extrême Asie, EFEO, vol. 27: 49–119.
  • 2017a.  “Law and The Gesar Epic” in Cahiers d’Extrême-Asie, EFEO, vol. 26: 1-26.
  • 2017b. “Tibetan Buddhism and the Gesar Epic” The Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Religion. Online at
  • 2016a. “Constitutional Mythologies and Entangled Cultures in the Tibeto-Mongolian Gesar Epic: The Motif of Gesar’s Celestial Descent” The Journal of American Folklore, Vol. 129, No. 513 (Summer 2016): 297-326.
  • 2016b. “An Early Tibetan Gesar bsang Text” Archiv Orientální (Charles University, Prague) no. 84: 1-60.
  • 2015. “On the Tibetan Ge-sar Epic in the late 18th Century: Sum-pa mkhan-po’s letters to the Sixth Pan-chen Bla-ma” in Études Mongoles, Sibériennes, Centralasiatiques & Tibétaines (EMSCAT), no. 46, August 2015:1-21. Online at
  • 2010. “A Modern Version of the Birth of Gesar” in S. Arslan & P. Schwieger (eds.) Tibetan Studies. An Anthology. Proceedings of the 11th Seminar of the International Association for Tibetan Studies, Königswinter 2006. Halle: International Institute for Tibetan and Buddhist Studies: 209-248.
  • 2009    “The Gesar Epic as Oral Literature” in Dotson, Gurung, Halkias and Myatt (eds.) Contemporary Visions in Tibetan Studies. Chicago. Serindia. 171-196.


Further Information

For access to several of the articles above, see

george fitzherbert